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|18||18||["Post-traumatic growth and its relationship to quality of life up to 9 years after liver transplantation: a cross-sectional study in Spain"]||10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017455||http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017455||2017-09-17T00:10:22Z||||0||7||["2044-6055", "2044-6055"]||BMJ Open||<jats:sec><jats:title>Objective</jats:title><jats:p>Little is known concerning post-traumatic growth (PTG) after liver transplantation. Against this backdrop the current study analysed the relationship between PTG and time since transplantation on quality of life. Furthermore, it compared PTG between liver transplant recipients and their caregivers.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Design</jats:title><jats:p>Cross-sectional case–control study.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Setting</jats:title><jats:p>University Hospital in Spain.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Participants</jats:title><jats:p>240 adult liver transplant recipients who had undergone only one transplantation, with no severe mental disease, were the participants of the study. Specific additional analyses were conducted on the subset of 216 participants for whom caregiver data were available. Moreover, results were compared with a previously recruited general population sample.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Outcome measures</jats:title><jats:p>All participants completed the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, and recipients also filled in the 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey. Relevant sociodemographic and clinical parameters were also assessed.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Results</jats:title><jats:p>In the sample of 240 recipients, longer time since transplantation (>9 years) was associated with more pain symptoms (p=0.026). Regardless of duration, recipients showed lower scores on most quality of life dimensions than the general population. However, high PTG was associated with a significantly higher score on the vitality quality of life dimension (p=0.021). In recipients with high PTG, specific quality of life dimensions, such as bodily pain (p=0.307), vitality (p=0.890) and mental health (p=0.353), even equalled scores in the general population, whereas scores on general health surpassed them (p=0.006). Furthermore, liver transplant recipients (n=216) compared with their caregivers showed higher t…||7||||["Mar\u00eda \u00c1ngeles P\u00e9rez-San-Gregorio", "Agust\u00edn Mart\u00edn-Rodr\u00edguez", "Mercedes Borda-Mas", "Mar\u00eda Luisa Avargues-Navarro", "Jos\u00e9 P\u00e9rez-Bernal", "Rupert Conrad", "Miguel \u00c1ngel G\u00f3mez-Bravo"]||||["Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness"]||[[""]]|
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